Alianza Intercontinental de Redes de Mujeres para el Derecho y el Desarrollo
  • Promoviendo el quehacer político jurídico feminista en América Latina, el Caribe, Asia y África
  • Promoviendo el quehacer político jurídico feminista en América Latina, el Caribe, Asia y África
  • Promoviendo el quehacer político jurídico feminista en América Latina, el Caribe, Asia y África

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El panel es coorganizado por CLADEM, FIDA Kenia, Aministia Internacional y Planned Parenthood Global para visibilizar,   reflexionar sobre la urgencia de incluir en la agenda internacional el Embarazo y Maternidad Infantil Forzados en América Latina y el Caribe como un obstáculo para el desarrollo, y permitir discutir estándares regionales y universales desde una perspectiva de derechos humanos.

15 October 2015

On this International Day of Rural Women, we the undersigned organisations, call on African governments to ensure that rural women are a central focus in the implementation of the newly adopted sustainable development goals, including by addressing the social and cultural factors which prevent their access, control and use of land.

Today, 15 October, marks the sixth International Day of Rural Women. The day was established by the United Nations (UN) in 2008 to recognise the critical role and contribution of rural women, in improving food security and eradicating poverty. In two days, we commemorate the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. This year, the two international days fall just weeks after 193 member states of the UN unanimously adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – a set of 17 goals with specific targets aimed at, among other things, addressing poverty and increasing economic growth and prosperity, while protecting the environment. Of the numerous targets, three of these –1.4, 2.3 and 5.a - specifically relate to women’s access to land.

Currently, most African countries are rural in nature and it is estimated that 75% - 90% of land is held under traditional rules, customs and practices. Most of these traditional rules, customs and practices mean rural women can only access land through their relationships to men as wives, daughters and sisters. Sadly, the majority of African rural women lose their rights to maternal family land when they move to join their husbands upon marriage, and lose access to marital land upon divorce or death of the husband.

Discriminatory rules, customs and practices have a negative impact not only on African rural women, but the entire African continent. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), rural women in sub-Saharan Africa produce most of the food in the region and yet, due to discrimination, they neither own nor have rights to the land they cultivate.[i] This has negative implications for basic food production and the eradication of poverty. Unequal land rights further reinforce women’s secondary status within the community, perpetuate poverty and foster power imbalances.

 

African governments have legally and morally bound themselves, through a number of international instruments and policy frameworks, produced by both the African Union and the UN, to safeguard the rights of rural women to land on an equal basis to men. In restricting these rights many African countries are breaking international law

 

A handful of countries in Africa have taken positive steps towards ending discrimination and protecting women’s land rights. For example, in the Constitution of Mozambique, women have equal rights to use and benefit from land and are joint owners of community title.Kenya’s new Constitution and land policy provides for joint ownership of marital property and equal succession rights for men and women.

However, despite these few positive steps, much more needs to be done.We, the undersigned organisations, call on African governments to ensure that rural women are not neglected in the implementation of the sustainable development goals and that these goals take into account human rights treaties entered into by the governments. Parliaments must act to ensure that laws guarantee women’s equal rights to access, use and control over land. Furthermore, courts must uphold basic principles of equality, including in relation to land rights for rural women.

To be effective, legislation and land reform policies should both focus on rural women’s right to the access, use and control of land, as well as the lack of knowledge, cultural and social factors that prevent rural women from obtaining secure rights to land. We therefore further call on governments to ensure such legislation and land reform policies are gender responsive and take into account women’s historically disadvantaged socio-economic position compared to men.

 


 

[i]http://www.fao.org/docrep/x0198e/x0198e02.htm

ENDORSED BY:

Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC)

Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA)

Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Initiative for Gender Equality and Development in Africa (IGED Africa)

Action for Southern Africa (ACTSA)

Southern Africa SADC Gender Protocol Alliance

African women's Development and Communications Network (FEMNET)

Association for Women, Law and Development (Associação, Mulher, Lei e Desenvolvimento, MULEIDE) - Mozambique

Pan African Positive Women's Coalition-Zimbabwe (PAPWC-ZIM)

Echoes of Women in Africa Initiative (ECOWA) – Nigeria

Healing Hearts Widows Support Foundation – Nigeria

Women Advocates’ Research and Documentation Center (WARDC) – Nigeria

Namibia Women’s Health Network (NWHN) – Namibia

Empowered at Dusk Women's Association (EADWA) – Uganda

Sonke Gender Justice – South Africa

Women and Law in Southern Africa, Lesotho (WLSA – Lesotho)

Zambia Land Alliance (ZLA) – Zambia

Legal Assistance Centre (LAC) - Namibia

Women and Law in Southern Africa, Zambia (WLSA – Zambia)

Foundation for Socio Economic Justice (FSEJ) – Swaziland

Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum – Zimbabwe

Women in Law and Development in Africa -West Africa Sub Regional Office (Wildaf - Wasro)

Federation of Women Lawyers, Lesotho (FIDA – Lesotho)

NGO Gender Co-ordination Network (NGOGCN)– Malawi

Women and Law in Southern Africa, Zimbabwe (WLSA – Zimbabwe)

For further information contact:

Brigadier Siachitema, Women’s Land and Property Rights Lawyer, Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC), Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo. , +2710 596 8538

 


[i]http://www.fao.org/docrep/x0198e/x0198e02.htm

Call on Governments to Adopt Strong Political Declaration Rooted in Human Rights

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

UNITED NATIONS—The Women’s Major Group, representing more than 600 women’s groups from over 100 countries, is deeply disappointed with the outcome of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, last week. What came out of the conference, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, is the world’s plan for implementing and financing global development. While the Action Agenda is being heralded by many governments as a strong outcome for women and girls, it fails to address profound inequalities in economic policies and institutions that undermine human rights and gender equality.

The Action Agenda is not in accordance with the demands of developing countries, and if implemented, is unlikely to improve the lives of the world’s poorest women and girls or facilitate sustainable development. In fact, the plan endangers the success of the Sustainable Development Goals—which are to be adopted by UN member states this September.

One of the biggest disappointments was around international tax cooperation; developed countries rejected a proposal by developing countries for a global tax body that would have curbed illicit financial flows by multinational corporations and allowed poorer countries to increase their revenues. Under the current tax structure, developing countries lose up to 10 times as much money in illicit financial flows as they get in aid.

Further, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda fails to:

•*Advance solutions to developing countries’ debt crises, continuing to jeopardise the human rights of women and girls worldwide who bear the burden of harsh austerity measures and debt repayments.

•*Address systemic imbalances in the global financial system or advance a new paradigm for democratic economic governance. Women continue to act as shock absorbers and stabilisers during financial crises.

Regulate the role of the private sector through binding frameworks that align their actions with human rights and sustainable development objectives and hold corporations accountable for violations of human rights and gender equality.

•*Ensure that trade and investment agreements do not undermine policies intended to uphold human rights and provide decent work consistent with international labor standards.

*“The new global development agenda is being described as transformative, but we can’t expect change if it’s business as usual,” said Tessa Khan, international human rights lawyer with Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development. “What’s needed is a more equitable global economic and development system—one that protects, respects, and fulfils human rights.”

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El Informe 2012-2014 de agresiones contra defensoras de derechos humanos en Mesoamérica es producto de un trabajo colectivo de las diversas personas, organizaciones, redes e iniciativas nacionales que forman parte de la Iniciativa Mesoamericana de Mujeres Defensoras de Derechos HumanosLeer más.

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
July 30, 2015

CONTACT
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UNITED NATIONS—As government representatives convene this week in New York to finalize plans for the Sustainable Development Goals, which will be adopted in September, actions by the United States threaten to derail progress. The United States, along with other Global North countries, is pushing for the weak outcome of the Financing for Development Conference in Addis Ababa earlier this month to guide the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. The Women’s Major Group, comprising more than 600 women’s organizations from 100 countries, argues that the Action Agenda adopted in Addis Ababa lacks vision, ambition, and strong financial commitments and should not be the guidepost.

 

The Women’s Major Group is urging Northern governments to go beyond the Addis Ababa agreement to develop concrete means of implementation for the Sustainable Development Goals and to address the major systemic factors that perpetuate global inequality and stand in the way of sustainable development.

 

 

“What came out of Addis was a deck that is still heavily stacked against developing countries,” said Shannon Kowalski, Director of Advocacy and Policy at the International Women’s Health Coalition. “Taken alone, it does not form the basis for a transformative and sustainable development agenda.”

 

 

The Women’s Major Group contends that the Addis Ababa outcome has numerous shortcomings. It abdicates government responsibility, focusing instead on unaccountable private sector investment as the answer to development challenges. It lacks concrete commitments to undertake long overdue reforms to global economic policies that marginalize developing countries. And, it fails to restructure international tax and trade systems that maintain the global status quo, impede development in the Global South, and undermine the human rights of women and girls.

 

 

“In order for the new Sustainable Development Goals to be met, implementation and financing plans must address inequalities and human rights, especially for women and girls,” said Serra Sippel, President of the Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE). “The financing plan being advocated by the United States and other Northern countries will merely uphold the world we have and not get us to the world we want.”

 

At the UN this week, the Women’s Major Group is further troubled by the United States’ strong opposition to the notion that while the Sustainable Development Goals are universal, countries’ responsibilities vary according to their capacity and contributions. This concept, dating back to the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, recognizes that those countries with greater historical responsibility for climate change and environmental degradation and with more resources—such as the United States—bear the greatest burden for addressing and financing sustainable development. But wealthy countries with the biggest carbon footprints are pushing back, trying to remove this language in the outcome document that will be released at the upcoming UN summit to adopt the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

 

Click bellow to see a compilation of the messages and graphics from the campaign

8 Days, 8 Colours, 8 Themes/ 8 Jours, 8 Couleurs, 8 Thèmes     Let’s keep the campaign going!

 

 

 

 Sierra Leone has ratified without reservation the protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa on july 2nD 2015 at about 1:20 pm, after a long debate on articles 5, 6 and 14 a,b,c,  

 

Our Congratulations to Sierra Leonean authorities for this decisive step. We hope that after this ratification, they will take actions for the effective implementation of the protocol

 

We also congratulate Sierra Leone civil society and women’s rights organizations who worked hardly and with abnegation for the adoption the this instrument

 

This new ratification brings to 37 the number of the countries having ratified the protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the rights of women in Africa, which has besides received to date 49 signatures.

 

Niger remains the only country in West Africa which has not ratified the protocol We thereby encourage and exhort all women’s organizations members of the monitoring committee for the ratification and implementation of the protocol to continue lobbying for the universal ratification of the protocol and its implementation by all African States. 

 

We thus hope that the other countries having signed the instrument will soon ratify it.

 

 

Congratulation to Sierra Leone